background image
derived from ragtime, adapting ragtime's left-hand patterns to form the
distinctive "stride bass." The style generally called for fast tempos and
the use of the piano's full range. In 1917 Johnson began making
player piano roll recordings. Duke Ellington (1899-1974) learned from
these by slowing them down to half-speed and a few years later
Johnson became Fats Waller's teacher and inspiration. Throughout the
1920s (starting in 1921), James P. Johnson recorded in the studio,
writing one of his most famous compositions, "The Charleston". That
one song seemed to define an era.
Various Artists:
That Devilin' Tune (4 CD compilation by Allen Lowe)
King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band:
Off the Record
Jelly Roll Morton:
Birth of the Hot: The Classic Chicago "Red Hot
Peppers" Sessions (1926 -27)
Bix Beiderbecke:
Bix & Tram
Fats Waller:
Portait of Fats Waller
Louis Armstrong:
The Complete Hot Five and Hot Seven Recording
Swing (or Big Band)
early 1930s until the late 1940s -- This jazz is
more formal and usually less improvised. The structure is very tight.
The instrumentations often consist of "sections", such as 4 trumpets, 4
trombones, and 4 "reeds" (alto, tenor, and baritone saxophones
and/or clarinet) as well as drums, guitar, piano, and bass. Techniques
or hooks were typically used such as "call and response", where one
section would play a riff and another section would repeat it. The
music uses a lot of riffs or a musical phrase played over and over. This
music was very danceable and very popular previous to and during
WWII. It nearly died in the late 1950s, due to decreasing popularity
and higher expenses (a lot of members to pay).
Benny Goodman:
Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert (3 discs)
Glenn Miller:
Greatest Hits
Arties Shaw:
The Essential Artie Shaw (2 disc)
Henry "Red" Allen:
Classices Chronological Series
Duke Ellington:
Duke at Fargo
Various Artists:
Chicago White Small Bands
Count Basie:
The Complete Clef/Verve Studio Recordings
Billie Holiday:
Lady Sings the Blues
Ella Fitzgerald:
Ella Fitzgerald First Lady of Song
For more information, and a link to the library collection,
Please visit the website at :