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Miles Davis has been credited with creating this music
form by recording In a Silent Way in 1969, and popularizing fusion with
his following release Bitches Brew. The music blends jazz with rock
music, and specifically rock electric guitar. Miles was very impressed
with the new pop music that was not necessarily mainstream;
influences came from James Brown to David Crosby. Jazz-rock
fusion first became popular in the mid-1970s. Traditional jazz
instruments, such as the trumpet became electric. Keyboards, guitar,
and bass were now all electric. Miles, for instance, sometimes used a
"wah wah" pedal with his trumpet during this period. Many of Miles'
sidemen went on to become some of the bigger names in this genre,
such as Chick Corea, John McLaughlin; Tony Williams, Billy Cobham,
and of course Joe Zawinul and Wayne Shorter with their super-group
Weather Report (which contrary to the norms of this genre, used no
lead guitar.)
Miles Davis:
Bitches Brew, In a Silent Way
Weather Report:
I Sing the Body Electric, Heavy Weather
Michael Brecker:
Pat Metheny: Pat Metheny Group
, Speaking of now, Live
Herbie Hancock:
Head Hunters
Chic Corea: Return
To Forever, Light as a Feather
Neo-Classical Jazz
(not to be confused with New Age) -- At the
end of the 1970s/early 1980s, jazz had become so fused with rock and
other forms of music that it was becoming hard to tell what direction
jazz was taking. Some of the younger players may have felt something
was missed before the 1970s and decided to look backwards for
inspiration. The result is a more bop-based or Dixieland oriented
music with some modern electric updates. The biggest name from this
genre is Wynton Marsalis (b. 1961). Other "young lions" (as they have
become known) include: Joshua Redman, Branford Marsalis, Cindy
Blackman, Wallace Roney, Terence Blanchard, and Nicholas Payton.
Wynton Marsalis:
J Mood
Henry Threadgill:
Spirit of Nuff--nuff
Roy Hargrove:
Christian McBride: